Assignment 2: LASA 1: Development Throughout the Lifespan
Assignment 2: LASA 1: Erikson and Freud are two of the few theorists who have developed a lifespan approach to development. Freud’s approach to development was psychosexual while Erikson’s was psychosocial. Even though Freud’s theory is better known, Erikson’s theory remains a leading and very much applied model in personality and developmental psychology today.
When considering these two stage-oriented theories, you can directly compare the majority of their stages. These are matched in the following table:
|Approximate Age||Freud’s Stages of Psychosexual Development||Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial development|
|Infancy (Birth to 1 year)||Oral stage||Trust versus mistrust|
|Early childhood (1–3 years)||Anal stage||Autonomy versus doubt|
|Preschool (3–6 years)||Phallic stage||Initiative versus guilt|
|School age (7–11 years)||Latent period||Industry versus inferiority|
|Adolescence (12–18 years)||Genital stage||Identity versus role confusion|
|Young adulthood (19–40 years)||Intimacy versus isolation|
|Middle adulthood (40–65 years)||Generativity versus stagnation|
|Older adulthood (65–death)||Integrity versus despair|
When considering Erikson’s eight stages of development, the way a person moves through each stage directly affects their success in the next stage. Their personality is being built and shaped with each stage. At each stage, there is a turning point, called a crisis by Erikson, which a person must confront.
In this assignment, you will observe or interview two different people, each at a different stage of development. For a third observation, take a look at yourself and the stage that you are in (this stage must be different from your other two observations).
- Record your three observations in a template. Include the following information:
- Current developmental stage
- Status within the stage (i.e., identity achievement or role confusion)
- Events that have lead to this status
Download a Development Template from the Doc Sharing area to record your observations.
- Summarize what you have learned about psychosocial development through these observations/interviews.
- Summarize the trends you see in your observations/interviews regarding psychosocial development.
- How does movement through Erikson’s stages influence personality development? Again, be specific.
- How do Erikson’s stages of development compare to Freud’s stages? How are they similar? How are they different?
- Between these two theories, which one do you feel best explains your own personality development? Justify your answers with specific examples.
Write a 3–4-page paper in Word format. Insert your chart at the end of your paper. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M3_A2.doc.
By Wednesday, May 11, 2016, deliver your assignment to the M3: Assignment 2 Dropbox.
Course Project Grading Criteria and Rubric
|Assignment 2 Grading Criteria||Maximum Points|
|Chart identifies general characteristics of people being observed
Chart identifies each person’s Erikson’s stage of development
(Course Objective [CO] 2)
|Explains which events of this developmental stage influence this outcome
|Summarizes learning about psychosocial development, applies observations
|Explains the connection between Erikson’s stages of development and personality development
|Compares and contrasts Erikson and Freud’s stages of development
|Determines which theory best fits own personality development, applies self-observations
(CO 1, 2)
Usage and Mechanics (12)
APA Elements (16)
PLEASE US THIS AS A TEMPLATE FOR THE CHART IN PAPER PLEASE USE YOUR OWN WORDS NO PLAGARISM
|Name of person observed||Age||Gender||Current developmental stage||Status within the stage||Events that have led to this status|
|Mary Owens||7||female||Identity versus role confusion||Role Confusion||Mary is a very confident person but is not the type of person that think she is better than the next because she has been blessed with a gift she has no problem helps other as it make her feel good to be able to help others that do not learn as fast.|
|Brenda Simmons||10||female||Industry versus inferiority||Industry||Brenda is amused at times when her teammates are overwhelmed by her performance on the soccer field, she really had no idea that they had that much respect for as a person and teammate.|
|Joslin Spady||29||male||Initiative verses guilty||Initiative||Joslin has not had the proper upbringing from her parents to come up with the right thing to do with her life. She is not getting any younger so she really needs to get a grip on life and start making wise decisions when t come to her life.|
In the human life cycle, psychosocial development is all about psychological development in relation to the social environment. From Erikson theory, a person is expected to have changes in his life and develop into a person with a better social status as he interacts with others in the social environment.
Total word count: 1215 words